William Vivanco Cuban Musician

William Vivanco Cuba

William Vivanco was born on October 6. 1975 in Santiago de Cuba and is a popular music star, composer and musician. Vivanco learned to play guitar by frequenting the Jazz Club in Santiago de Cuba called Casa de la Trova located on the city’s bustling Calle Heredia. As he says, he started “stealing chords” from back then. He later made ends meet as a street busker, offering melodies in the streets of his city. He also performed with a professional children’s choir. He trained his voice, learning the techniques that would enable him to develop his distinctively percussive vocal style. He also played day-long romerias and, additionally spent time at the Festival of Singers of the Americas in Guantanamo.

“Bu-lu-la-la-la, la-la-bu …” When William Vivanco walks the streets of Havana, that’s what people sing, his emblematic chorus of the song “Cimarron”, the song (and especially video) that made him a star.

“I wrote Cimarrón using funny little onomatopoeic sounds, ‘bu-lu-la-la’, and those sorts of things which became, at the time, a kind of a big joke,” said Vivanco. The joke turned into a smash hit, even if it seems at odds with the more serious undertone of the songs lyrics about slavery and personal freedoms. The word ” Cimarrón” (literally translated, “one who lives in the tops of the mountains”) refers to African slaves who escaped from their Spanish masters and hid in the mountains. The song is also the story of the quest for personal freedoms of Vivanco himself.

Vivanco first went to Havana when he was 23 years old. The Bis Music label spotted him at the Santa Clara song festival and, in 2002, offered him the possibility to make his first solo album called Lo Tengo To’ Pensa’o a mix of Brazilian rhythms, pop and reggae. His song and the accompanying video clip “Cimarrón” became extremely popular in Cuba.

William Vivanco Cuban Artist


In 2006, Vivanco recorded his second solo album, La Isla Milagrosa (the Miraculous Island), produced by Descemer Bueno and Roberto Carcassés. More recently, Vivanco has started to distance himself from his funkier, poppier tunes in favor of music that is more “Santiaguera” (from Santiago), more Cuban, more rhythmic – more traditional.

In 2003 Vivanco performed in France at Les Transmusicales de Rennes festival in northern France, then in 2004 at the Paléo Festival Nyon in Switzerland. He later performed at the Cuban night of Les Nuits de Fourvière de Lyon, and in August 2005 he performed at the Vence festival Les Nuits du Sud in France.



2002: William Vivanco – Lo Tengo To’ Pensa’o

2006: William Vivanco – La Isla Milagrosa

2009: William Vivanco – El Mundo Está Cambia’o

Official Website

Havana World Music Festival HWM

Eme Alfonso Cuba

The first edition of Havana World Music ( HWM ) was held in February 2014. Cuba’s first ever music festival featuring international artists is already being planned for the 2015 edition. The festival takes place at the old baseball field José Antonio Echevarría (old Vedado tennis Club), between the Pier and the downtown main street called Calzada .

The whole event was conceived under a nonprofit scenario, led by young Cuban singer and composer Eme Alfonso, the 1st Havana World Music Festival took place in February 2014 and sought to open a window from Cuba onto the world and from the world onto Cuba.

Festival Havana World Music


“The focus of HWM is to give the Cuban people the chance to become acquainted with the musical diversity of Cuba and the world, as well as to encourage exchanges among international and Cuban bands. This can be very beneficial to the musicians, producers and musical promoters in Cuba.” Eme Alfonso.


The festival focuses on different genres and styles that work from the roots but aim to reach a wide audience. Therefore, alternative music, which merges popular genres like rock, reggae, salsa or electronic music, is predominant in Havana World Music. The HWM program is rounded off by folk groups that participated in Eme Alfonso’s Para Mestizar Project, a documentary music video that shows the cultural heritage of Cuba.


Young Cuban singer and composer Eme Alfonso had the idea of merging sonic identities of various regions of the planet at HWM, a project with novel features which was extremely successful, bringing thousands of Cubans and international tourists to the stadium. Eme Alfonso says his concept for the event came from from a video clip made by the controversial Cuban singer Pedro Luis Ferrer, whose work has always been linked to social and political changes in Cuba.

Havana World Music


This initial edition featured keynote presentations by groups like Déjà Vu ( Cuba ) and based on the pop -reggae ; Eme Alfonso; Janfree (Spain); William Vivanco (Cuba); La Máquina del Caribe (Colombia); Proyecto Para Mestizar, DJoy de Cuba; Pauza; Van Van; Síntesis; X Alfonso; Fuel Fandango (Spain); Auntie Flo (UK).


HWM was attended by thousands of young viewers the Superior Institute of Art (ISA) and other schools of art from Cuba’s education system.


The festival was sponsored in part by the British Embassy in Havana.


Admission fee was set at 25 pesos CUP which was a limiting factor for many young families. The 2015 event is hoping to be free entrance if enough sponsorship can be acquired.

Cuba Disco 2014

CubaDisco 2014

CubaDisco 2014


Havanatur is pleased to announce CubaDisco 2014. Each year Cubadisco is dedicated to a country and a musical genre and also pays tribute to artists and personalities with a distinguished creative work within the Cuban Music industry. Specialized conferences, expositions, colloquiums, concerts and CD launching take place during the event, as well as a wide musical program at different theaters and salons of Havana, with the participation of many Cuban and foreign groups and singers. The shows at CubaDisco 2014 are spectacular and worthier visiting. Most concerts are free during the event which in 2014 will take place between 17 and 25 of may. Havanatur offers special rates for visitors to CubaDisco.


In 1964 all the record labels in Cuba were merged together under the name of Recordings and Musical Editions Enterprise (EGREM), which maintained a monopoly for almost 25 years in Cuban music. Towards the end of the 80s, other Recording Labels were formed, including ARTEX S.A, RTV Comercial and the studios P.M Record of Pablo Milanés and Ojalá of Silvio Rodríguez. A further three Cuban record labels were also established: Art Color, Caribe Productions and Magic Music. All these labels now represent the numerous Cuban musicians who have now become stars in their own country and worldwide and will be present at CubaDisco 2014.

Vista CubaDisco 2014 with Havanatur!

Cuban Reggaeton

Cuban Reggaeton Stars

Cuban Reggaeton

Cuban Reggaeton is an urban form of music which started in Havana in the late 90´s which has its roots in Latin and Caribbean music. Its sound originates from the Reggae en Español from central America and countries like Colombia and Panama. The genre was invented, shaped and made known in Puerto Rico in the early 1990´s where it got its name. Popular songs have been:


La mordidita by Candyman y la Familia

Chupa chupa by El Médico (banned in Cuba)

Tu eres bella by Topaz Sound

La nica by Klan Destino

Pídeme (Topaz sound remix) by Cubanito

Vamos pa la disco by Control Cubano

Bayubybaye by Candyman y la Familia

Brujeria by El Médico

Caramelo by Candyman y la Familia

Come on by Michel & el Médico

Pídeme un deseo by Control Cubano

Carmencita by El Médico

Pa la tinta by Klan Destino

Será que no me quiere by Candyman y la Familia

Te amaré by Michel

Letra Goddess by Topaz Sound



Most of its current artists are also from Cuba and Puerto Rico. After its mainstream exposure in 2004 on the Cubaton, it has multiplied to North American, European, Asian and African audiences.


Cuban Reggaeton mixes Jamaican musical influences of dancehall, and Trinidadian soca with sounds from Latin America, such as salsa, bomba, electronic and Latin hip hop. Vocals include rapping and singing some songs are quite vulgar and were recently banned in Cuba because of the demeaning nature of lyrics towards women. Lyrics tend to be derived from hip hop and current news events and street slang. Like hip hop, Cuban reggaeton has caused some controversy, albeit less, due to alleged sexual exploitation of women.


“Cuban reggaeton has caused some controversy”


While it takes influences from hip hop and Jamaican dancehall, reggaeton is not exactly the Hispanic or Latin American version of either whereas Latin hip hop is more like hip hop recorded by artists of Latino descent.


Cuban Reggaeton is very popular among the 14 to 20 year younger Cubans and is played extensively at 15th (Los quinces) birthday parties and disco events in Havana and around Cuba.

Cuban Reggaeton was recently banned from public radio due to the lyrics of certain songs and the sexual undertones such as the aforementioned Cuban Reggaeton song chupa chupa which is about oral sex

 Cuban Reggaeton Songs

Havana Cuba | Music capital of the Caribbean

Cuban music playlist 2012

Cuban Music

Just a handful of iconic places in the world that should be visited at least once in a lifetime and Cuba is one of them because Cuban music is so diverse and interesting. They’ve always had a particular draw, attracting waves of visitors every year due to Cuban music. Cuban music has inspired novels, poems, songs and films, and become icons in sound. has compiled a playlist of music that is quintessential to each of these amazing destinations.


Havana is one of the largest and most bubbly cities in the Caribbean and those who visit to sample Cuban music will not be deceived. Five centuries of political fighting have given this city a distinctive flavor. From Spanish colonialism to American mafia, the city is a mixture of cultural heritages with its classic American cars (a result of the US trade embargo) and ration shops called bodegas am image of communist economic and social policies from days gone by.


The city attracts more than 1 million visitors a year, and the crystalline waters of the Caribbean along the dramatic coastline are one of its main attractions. To get the essence of the city, walk around the neighborhoods of Centro Habana or Vedado. Take a guided tour around Old Havana to view the colonial monuments and have a stroll along the Malecon without missing a visit to the Hotel Parque Central.


The citizens of La Habana are known for their warm spirit. Habaneros are responsible for creating musical styles such as salsa, Son Cubano and mambo as well as mojito cocktails and Havana cigars.


The city of rhythm, mojitos and all-night dancing has inspired sounds unique to the island and produced musicians who are recognized and revered around the world.


“Cuban music 2012 Disco hit  Tacabro – Tacata”


Cuban Music Playlist:


1. Buena Vista Social Club – “Chan Chan” (1997)

Named after a members club in Havana, the Buena Vista Social Club band was comprised of members who had performed at the original club, and the album sparked an international revival of interest in Cuba music.


2. Enrique Jorrin – “La Enganadora” (1951)

Cuban composer, violinist and band director Enrique Jorrin is widely accredited with inventing the popular Cuban dance style Cha-cha-chá.


3. Ruben Gonzalez – “Rico Vacilon” (2000)

Cuban pianist and member of the Buena Vista Social Club Ruben Gonzalez released this version of “Rico Vacilon” in 2000.


4. Perez Prado – “Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White” (1955)

Cuban bandleader Perez Pradon, sometimes called the King of Jazz, topped the US charts for ten weeks with this Cha-cha version of the popular 1950s song “Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White” by Louiguy.


5. Xavier Cugat – “Cocktails for Two” (1963)

Xavier Cugat, born in Catalonia, Spain, spent much of his formative years in Havana, Cuba, and was a major influence in bringing Latin music into mainstream US culture.


6. Celia Cruz – “Azucar Negra” (1993)

With 23 gold albums under her belt, Cuban-American Celia Cruz [1925-2003] was regarded by many as the “Queen of Salsa.”


7. Tacabro – “Tacata” (2012)

This 2012 hit from Italian group Tacabro features Cuban artist Martinez Rodriguez as the main vocalist.


8. Los Van Van – “Havana City” (2000)

Los Van Van are led by bassist Juan Formell and are arguably one of the most recognizable post-revolution bands. “Havana City” appeared on their Grammy Award winning album “Van Van Is Here” or “Llego Van Van.”


9. Nat King Cole – “Quizas, Quizas, Quizas” (1958)

This popular song was originally composed by Cuban songwriter Osvaldo Farres and was later covered by Nat King Cole.


10. Ibrahim Ferrer – “Nuestra Ultima Cita” (1999)

Cuban-born Ibrahim Ferrer performed with a number of musical groups including the Orquesta Chepin-Choven, the Afro-Cuban All Stars and later the Buena Vista Social CLUB


Cuban music offers a brillliant sonic diversity, keep tunes to for all news updates


 Cuban music 2012 review


Los Van Van

Los Van Van

Los Van Van

Los Van Van is a Cuban band led by bassist Juan Formell, and is the most recognized post-revolution Cuban bands. Formell is one of the most important figures in contemporary Cuban music.

In 2011, they collaborated with Carlinhos Brown to record the song “Soy Loco por Tí, América” for the Red Hot Organization’s most recent charitable album “Red Hot+Rio 2.” The album is a follow-up to the 1996 “Red Hot + Rio.” Proceeds from the sales will be donated to raise awareness and money to fight AIDS/HIV and related health and social issues.

In 1967, Formell became musical director of Elio Reve’s charanga orchestra. The sound of Orquesta Revé at that time was a unique blend of Cuban son and late 60s rock. Formell reformed the group into Changui ’68, and then founded his own group, Los Van Van, on December 4, 1969.

Juan Formell was convinced that he could capture the imagination of Cuba’s younger generation by infusing Revé’s arrangements with elements of North American rock and roll, creating an odd new style that he called changüí 68. Early the next year, almost exactly a decade after Revé’s band had jumped ship to form [Orquesta] Ritmo Oriental, . . . Formell incited the most famous of the Revé mutinies and absconded with the majority of the musicians to form a group which has stayed at the true leading edge of its country’s music longer than any other . . . at first Formell relied heavily on the songs and stylistic tendencies of his previous work with Revé. The harmonies, never before heard in Cuban music, were clearly borrowed from North American pop—in some cases rather corny North American pop . . . their sudden commercial popularity shattered the formulaic limitations on harmony to which Cuban popular music had faithfully adhered for so long . . . rhythmically, the 1969 group made the transition from changüí 68 to the first incarnation of a style which Formell called songo (Moore 2011)

The original personnel of Los Van Van were: Juan Formell (leader, bass guitar, vocals); Orlando Canto (flute); Raúl “El Yulo” Cárdenas (congas); Blas Egües (drum kit); Luis Marsilli (cello); José Luis Martínez (electric guitar, vocals); Julio Noroña (güiro); Pupy Pedroso (keyboard); Miguel Angel “Lele” Rasalps (vocals); William Sánchez (electric guitar), and Gerardo Miró, Jesús Linare, Fernando Leyva, and Iván Rocha (violins).


José Luis “Changuito” Quintana replaced Egües in 1970. Changuito greatly expanded the parameters of songo, and introduced a revolutionary conga and timbales technique, by incorporating snare drum rudiments.[2] Changuito is the most influential Cuban percussionist of the latter twentieth century.


“Los Van Van technique on conga”


Changuito’s rhythmic contributions coincided with Formell’s maturation as a songwriter and LVV launched into a six year period which alone would have been sufficient to establish them as one of Cuba’s most important bands. LVV’s recordings from 1970-1976 are the definite starting point for anyone seeking to learn about the enigmatic genre of songo (Moore 2011).[3]

In 1974 Los Van Van released their landmark record Tránsito (LD-3421) [Los Van Van v. II]. Also that year, vocalist Pedro Calvo left Orquesta Ritmo Oriental to join Los Van Van. Calvo fronted the band for two decades. Los Van Van v. V (Areíto LD-378) (1979) premiered compositions by Pedro Calvo, José Luis “El Tosco” Cortés, and Pupy Pedroso, who would go on to become the group’s second most prolific composer after Formell.


On El baile del buey cansao (Areíto LD-4045) [Los Van Van v. VII] (1982), Changuito added timbales, which he altered with drum kit. With their 1984 release of Anda ven y muévete (Areíto LD-4164) [Los Van Van v. IX], Van Van began getting unprecedented international attention. The title track borrows heavily from Lionel Ritchie’s hit “All Night Long.” Salsa singer Rubén Blades later covered “Muévete.”


Los Van Van Group History


Best nightlife in Cuba

Nightlife in Cuba 101

nightlife in Cuba


For those of you looking for the best Nightlife in Cuba and music then we have a few suggestions for you! We´ve scoured the best and worst of Nightlife in Cuba to bring you this list

Cuba nightlife is a sizzling proposition. A country with this much passion and rhythm is hard to find anywhere else, and when you set the stage with inspiring Cuban music, what you have is nightlife bliss. If you’ve been taking Salsa dancing lessons and want to put your moves to the test, Cuba has got you more than covered. Don’t know how to dance Salsa yet? Venture out to one to any number of dance clubs Cuba offers, and you are bound to find a teacher. Clubs, bars and jazz lounges are just some of the Cuba nightlife options, and if you are lucky, you will be invited by a local to experience a private Cuba house party. Talk about a story to tell when you get back.


Full list of popular places for Nightlife in Cuba

Individual handpicked places for Nightlife in Cuba

Amelia Bar – Miramar Trade Center

Bar Cafe Del Oriente Havana

Bodeguita del Medio Havana

Havana Cuba Club Habana

Club Nautico Marina Hemingway

El Diablo Tun Tun Havana

El Floridita Havana Cuba

El Gato Tuerto Havana Cuba

Habana Cafe Habana

Hotel Nacional Cuba

La Maison Fashion Havana Cuba

Malecon Havana

“Nightlife in Cuba is simply astounding!! Rock on”

For Nightlife in Cuba and fantastic music, whether it be Cuban salsa music, Reggaeton, Jazz or Rumba Nightlife in Cuba is electrifying and will enchant you during every visit

Nightlife in Cuba 101

Sponsored by Car Rental Cuba



Paulito FG – Cuba

Paulito FG is known as a great musician, an all round artist who has build up his career with profound intelligence, incontestable amount of talent and artistic devotion in each performance.

Paulo Alfonso Fernandez Gallo, was born in HavanaCuba, at the age of 19, Paulito FG started clarinet classes in the conservatorium Ignacio Cervantes. The exceptional sound of his voice impressed those around him and won him a reference to Benny More music records producers, beginning, thus, his career as a professional singer.


He participated in 1986 with Adalberto Alvarez y su Son in the Varadero International Festival.


2 years later, he was already the lead singer of the group Dan Den, (lead by Juan Carlos Alfonso) where two of his themes “El Humo o la Vida” and “Siempre hay un Ojo que te Ve” shot him to stardom.


He released in 1991,with Opus 13 (under maestro Joaquin Betancourt) a first album containing mostly songs written by him.


A year after, he went on a highly praised Mexico Tour and at his return created his own group called Paulito FG y su Élite which debuted on april 19 at Neptuno Hotel, La Habana


The new 1993 band’s first album “Tu no Me Calculas” is released in Havana and Tokio at the same time, resulting in a smashing success.


He signed a deal with Magic Music record company In 1994 based in Barcelona and records his second album “Sofocándote” which remained lodged at the top of the national charts for a record 22 consecutive weeks.


Paulito FG s third album ” El bueno soy yo ” received unparalleled success, which won him an EGREM Awards as Best Dance Music and Popular categories of the year.


He released his fourth album with Fania Records In 1997, ” Con la Conciencia Tranquila “. again, many of his songs remain atop the Cuban and international charts.


The next year, he released an homage album dedicated to Puerto Rican salsero Tito Puente where he includes boleros and guarachas from the 60′s.


Another greatly acclaimed album is released 2000, the disc ” Una Vez Mas por Amor “.


The seventh album ” Te deseo Suerte “, an overwhelming success both nationally and internationally, was released in 2002.


Paulito FG since 1992 has been taking his music to worldwide stages of 20 countries with chart-topping songs in New York, Miami and Bogota, reported by Latin Beat magazine.


The songs have been performed by important salsa stars such as, Jhonny Rivera and Isidro Infante. In Cuba, based on public polls, Paulito remained the most popular singer from 1992 until to today.


Now, his mature work can be illustrious by well-studied melodic lines, unconventional rhythmic passages, a restrained rock energy, and lyrics that are faithful chronicles of our times, yet refuse to yield to simplistic formulas or vulgarity.


Paulito FG conveys the articulateness of Cuba´s streets, the lively popular poetry, and reality. His victorious fusion of music genres such as rock, balada, jazz and son amounts to a great blend of original lyrics.


Paulito FG he’s a music artist, to his public, the most well-liked of current times and to him, an unalterable movie fan and a Jazz loyal fan. Above all things, Paulo is highly respectful of his public and an unconditional music lover”.

Paulito FG




Chucho Valdes – Pianist

Chucho Valdes (real name Jesús Dionisio Valdés in Quivicán, Cuba, October 9, 1941) is a Cuban pianist, bandleader, composer and arranger. In 1972 he created the group Irakere, one of Cuba’s best-known Latin jazz bands. With pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba, Valdés is revered as one of Cuba’s greatest jazz pianists. His father is another famed Cuban pianist and former director of Havana’s famous “Tropicana” night club band Bebo Valdés.

Chucho has won 4 Grammy awards: in 1978 for the album Live at Newport by Irakere; in 1998 for his contribution to the CD Havana by his band Crisol (formed in 1997), with two songs Mr. Bruce and Mambo para Roy written by Chucho in 2003 for his album Live at the Village Vanguard; and in 2011 for his album Chucho Steps. Chucho Valdes by his Piano

Chucho Valdes Pianist

Chucho Valdes Cuba

On 16 October 2006, Chucho Valdes was nominated Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization at the United Nations

Renowned the world over as a musical giant, the six and a half foot tall Chucho Valdes physical stature apes his musical accomplishment. The Afro-Cuban musician has been the recipient of five Grammy Award nominations and two Grammys. His fascinating blend of African, South American, Cuban, and Spanish musical traditions seemed to rate a category of music all its own, and was just beginning to garner wide recognition in the United States in the late 1990s. In 1996 Valdes played on Roy Hargrove’s widely acclaimed album Crisol, and numerous U.S. concert dates and a North American record contract followed.

Musicians in Cuba were not officially permitted to perform in the United States until 1988. Most Cuban musicians, including Valdes’s father, overcame that obstacle by defecting. But Valdes, who remained in his own country, was loved not only for his musical genius, but also for the fact that unlike so many musicians, he chose to continue living in Havana, claiming it as his permanent home. Despite the fact that the Cuban government has presented Valdés’s success as one of its own, many Cuban people viewed Valdés as “one of them,” and therefore, his success as their own.
Chucho Valdes is by far one of Cuba`s most famous musicians

Music of Cuba – The basics of Cuban Music

Music of Cuba

The music of Cuba, including the instruments and the dances, is mostly of European (Spanish) and African origin. Most forms of the present day are creolized fusions and mixtures of these two sources. Almost nothing remains of the original Indian traditions.

The Caribbean island of Cuba has developed a wide range of creolized musical styles, based on its cultural origins in Europe and Africa. Since the 19th century its music has been hugely popular and influential throughout the world. It has been perhaps the most popular form of world music since the introduction of recording technology.

Cuba Salsa

Cuba Salsa

Large numbers of African slaves and European (mostly Spanish) immigrants came to Cuba and brought their own forms of music to the island. European dances and folk musics included zapateo, fandango, paso doble and retambico. Later, northern European forms like minuet, gavotte, mazurka, contradanza, and the waltz appeared among urban whites. There was also an immigration of Chinese indentured laborers later in the 19th century.

Fernando Ortiz, the first great Cuban folklorist, described Cuba’s musical innovations as arising from the interplay (‘transculturation’) between African slaves settled on large sugar plantations and Spaniards or Canary Islanders who grew tobacco on small farms. The African slaves and their descendants made many percussion instruments and preserved rhythms they had known in their homeland. The most important instruments were the drums, of which there were originally about fifty different types; today only the bongos, congas and batá drums are regularly seen (the timbales are descended from kettle drums in Spanish military bands). Also important are the claves, two short hardwood batons, and the cajón, a wooden box, originally made from crates. Claves are still used often, and cajons (cajones) were used widely during periods when the drum was banned. In addition, there are other percussion instruments in use for African-origin religious ceremonies. Chinese immigrants contributed the corneta china (Chinese cornet), a Chinese reed instrument still played in the comparsas, or carnival groups, of Santiago de Cuba.

The great instrumental contribution of the Spanish was their guitar, but even more important was the tradition of European musical notation and techniques of musical composition. Hernando de la Parra’s archives give some of our earliest available information on Cuban music. He reported instruments including the clarinet, violin and vihuela. There were few professional musicians at the time, and fewer still of their songs survive. One of the earliest is Ma Teodora, by a freed slave, Teodora Gines of Santiago de Cuba, who was famous for her compositions. The piece is said to be similar to ecclesiastic European forms and 16th century folk songs.

Cuban music has its principal roots in Spain and West Africa, but over time has been influenced by diverse genres from different countries. Important among these are France (and its colonies in the Americas), and the United States.

Cuban music has been immensely influential in other countries. It contributed not only to the development of jazz and salsa, but also to the Argentinian tango, Ghanaian high-life, West African Afrobeat, Dominican Bachata and Merengue, Colombian Cumbia and Spanish Nuevo flamenco.

The African beliefs and practices certainly influenced Cuba’s music. Polyrhythmic percussion is an inherent part of African music, as melody is part of European music. Also, in African tradition, percussion is always joined to song and dance, and to a particular social setting. The result of the meeting of European and African cultures is that most Cuban popular music is creolized. This creolization of Cuban life has been happening for a long time, and by the 20th century, elements of African belief, music and dance were well integrated into popular and folk forms.